The future for stabilizing the electricity grid is in Smart transformers.
It will revamp aging power grids into something more like the Internet—a network that might direct energy not just from centralized power stations to consumers but from any source to any destination, by whatever route makes the most sense.
The new transformer will make it easier for the grid to cope with things it was never designed for, like charging large numbers of electric vehicles and tapping surplus electricity from residential solar panels.
Smart meters in homes and offices can help by providing fine-grained information about the flow of electricity, but precise control over that flow is needed too.
Not only would this stabilize the grid, but it would better balance supply and demand, reducing spikes so that fewer power plants would be needed to guarantee the electricity supply.